International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women :25 November
Journée internationale pour l'élimination de la violence à l'égard des femmes :
Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer: 25 de noviembre
By resolution 54/134 of 17 December 1999, the United Nations General Assembly designated 25 November as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and invited governments, international organizations and NGOs to organize activities designed to raise public awareness of the problem on that day.
Women's activists have marked 25 November as a day against violence since 1981.
This date came from the brutal assassination in 1960, of the three Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic, on orders of Dominican ruler Rafael Trujillo (1930-1961).
On 20 December 1993
the General Assembly, by resolution 48/104, adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women.
Violence against women takes many forms – physical,sexual, psychological and economic.
These forms of violence are interrelated and affect women from before birth to old age. Some types of violence, such as trafficking,
cross national boundaries.
Women who experience violence suffer a range of health problems and their ability to participate in public life is diminished. Violence against women harms families and communities across generations and reinforces other violence prevalent in society.
Violence against women also impoverishes women, their families, communities and nations.
Violence against women is not confined to a specific culture, region or country, or to particular groups of women within a society. The roots of violence against women lie in persistent discrimination against women.
Up to 70 per cent of women experience violence in their lifetime.
Violence by an intimate partner
The most common form of violence experienced by women globally is physical violence inflicted by an intimate partner, with women beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused.
A World Health Organization (WHO) study in 11 countries found that the percentage of women who had been subjected to sexual violence by an intimate partner ranged from 6 per cent in Japan to 59 per cent in Ethiopia.
Several global surveys suggest that half of all women who die from homicide are killed by their current or former husbands or partners.
In Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa and the United States, 40 to 70 per cent of female murder victims werekilled by their partners, according to the World Health Organization.
more about countries here : http://www.un.org/en/events/endviolenceday/pdf/UNiTE_TheSituation_EN.pdf
- Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (A/RES/48/104)
- International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (A/RES/54/134)
- Secretary-General's Reports
- Eliminating rape and other forms of sexual violence in all their manifestations, including in conflict and related situations (A/RES/62/134)
- Intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women(A/RES/62/133)
- Intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women (A/RES/61/143)
- More resolutions
- Other Documents
UNIFEM (part of UN Women)
- Say NO – UNiTE to End Violence against Women
- International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women 2008
– Statement from the Executive Director
- About UNIFEM - Ending Violence Against Women
- 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence (25 November - 10 December)
- UNIFEM - Violence against Women
- 30th Anniversary of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
INSTRAW (part of UN Women)
- Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
- Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
- The OHCHR Women’s Human Rights and Gender Unit (WRGU) – conceptual framework and main priorities
- WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women
- Violence against women by intimate partners
Global issues : http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/women/
Eliminating Violence Against Women
The UN system continues to give particular attention to the issue of violence against women. The 1993 General Assembly Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women contained “a clear and comprehensive definition of violence against women [and] a clear statement of the rights to be applied to ensure the elimination of violence against women in all its forms”. It represented “a commitment by States in respect of their responsibilities, and a commitment by the international community at large to the elimination of violence against women”.
In 2007, the theme of the International Women’s Day was “Ending Impunity for Violence against Women and Girls”. And on 25 February 2008, Mr. Ban Ki-moon launched “The Secretary-General’s Global Campaign, UNiTE to End Violence Against Women”. In opening the multi-year global campaign, he called violence against women an issue that “cannot wait”.
International Women’s Day is observed on 8 March. The theme of the 2009 observance was “Women and men united to end violence against women and girls”.
***The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is observed on 25 November.
Browse this section for UNiTE resources to support activities to end violence against women : http://www.un.org/en/women/endviolence/resources.shtml
***Say NO – UNiTE to End Violence against Women is a global call for action.:
Join an action : http://www.saynotoviolence.org/join-say-no/join-action
on the left of the same link http://www.saynotoviolence.org/join-say-no/join-action SIGN THE PETITION!
Around the World :http://www.saynotoviolence.org/say-no-around-world
IMPORTANT :Sixteen Ways UNFPA Works to End Gender Violence
1. Uniting against the problem
Through the Secretary-General’s UNiTE to End Violence against Women campaign, UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, works with a host of United Nations agencies and offices to galvanize action across the United Nations system to prevent and punish violence against women. See also the statement of the Executive Director of UNFPA.
2. Generating empowering conversations about the issue
UNFPA provides a social media space where people can bring their experiences, research and insights to the question, “How can we overcome this pervasive violation of human rights?”
3. Documenting successful approaches
Gender-based violence is a deeply rooted problem that demands strategic, comprehensive and culturally sensitive approaches. In ten countries, UNFPA has applied such approaches and documented the experiences for development practitioners as well as other interested parties. See the multi-media exhibit. See also these new case studies.
4. Presenting positive images of men as role models
Any successful effort to end violence against women must involve the men who commit or tacitly condone it. A new photo exhibit commissioned by UNFPA shows men as positive role models at home, in the community and in the workplace.
5. Using the power of popular culture to prevent couple violence
The Chilean band Kudai, hugely popular with Latin American youth, has teamed up with UNFPA to spread the message that hurting your partner is decidedly not cool.
6. Calling attention to sexual violence as an instrument of war
Congo/Women, an international photography exhibition and educational campaign, compels viewers to acknowledge and respond to the suffering endured by women and girls in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and to recognize the human faces behind it. See also this documentary.
7. Partnering with men to end violence against women
A new publication features five case studies from Eastern Europe and Central Asia of programming that has been successful in changing men’s attitudes. A global forum in Rio de Janeiro sought to redefine ideas of masculinity that permit gender violence, and the city’s programming is experimenting with therapeutic approaches. See also this roundup of ongoing activities to partner with men in the Asia and Pacific region.
8. Speaking out against female genital mutilation/cutting
Over 100 million women have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting, a practice that still puts up to 3 million additional girls at risk each year. UNFPA, in partnership with UNICEF, has launched a $44-million programme to end this harmful traditional practice within a generation. Read about UNFPA's holistic approach to the issue.
9. Addressing the needs of women in refugee camp
Refugee camps are intended to be safe havens – but displaced women often face many forms of gender-based violence. UNFPA is part of an interagency team that sends gender advisers to humanitarian settings to ensure that women’s needs are being addressed. The Fund has also partnered on an interagency field manual that includes guidelines for addressing sexual and gender-based violence in refugee camps.mps
10. Highlighting the injustice of child marriage and too-early pregnancy
Child marriage is a health issue as well as a human rights violation. Because it takes place almost exclusively within the context of poverty and gender inequality, it also has social, cultural and economic dimensions, including high rates of maternal mortality and injury. See the award-winning video about child marriage in Ethiopia and read about the consequences of adolescent pregnancy.
11. Partnering with others to end sexual violence against girls
UNFPA has partnered with many organizations through the Clinton Global Initiative to take a new approach in addressing the rights violations and health impacts of sexual violence against girls. According to the World Health Organization, in 2002 approximately 150 million girls experienced some form of sexual violence.
12. Working with religious leaders to end tolerance for gender-based violence
UNFPA values the influence of religious leaders in preventing violence within families and reducing maternal mortality.The Fund works hard to build bridges between faith-based practitioners and development practitioners.
13. Publicizing the issue of acid burning and other unusual forms of gender violence
Every day, women are subjected to violence in many forms, such as acid attacks. Last year, the Fund publicized five stories that the global media might have ignored, under-played or simply been unaware of. Read the news release and related features from the Russian Federation and Tajikistan.
14. Offering alternatives to ‘survival sex'
In the capital of Haiti, which is plagued by political and social unrest, 11- and 12-year-old girls trade sexual favours for spending-money. A drop-in centre offers them other options. Read the feature story.
15. Calling attention to a new form of slavery
UNFPA works closely with governments to address the ever-widening threat posed by human trafficking and supports women and girls in their recovery and return home.
16. Assisting survivors of domestic violence
Most violence against women occurs in the home. But women often stay with abusive partners because they have no other place to go. UNFPA-supported shelters offer an alternative. Read the feature story, view a related video and learn more about programming approaches to the issue.
***UNIFEM : http://www.unifem.org/campaigns/25nov/
Commemorates the International Day
for the Elimination of Violence against Women
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. UNIFEM participates in commemorating the day with a number of activities.
***THE WHITE RIBBON
and Put a white ribbon on 25 !http://www.whiteribbonday.org.au/Wear-a-White-Ribbon-48.aspx
*** Amnesty International : http://www.amnesty.org.uk/content.asp?CategoryID=10220
*** Human Rights Education Associates (HREA)
*** Event on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/?tid=1227393940763&sk=messages#!/event.php?eid=161440638106
Le respect des femmes commence par l'éducation etdevrait être enseigné à l'école aussi avec une aide psychologique , ou un poll de discussions.
GREECE : Here is an event at Thessaloniki (North Greece) about the violence against women.
Thanks to Ioannis ZAMBARTAS