BLUEFIN TUNA /Thon Rouge :URGENT_Orgs & Petitions

Publié le par Isabella-Vegan-♥

L'industrie du thon

Avec la pêche industrielle au thon rouge, on est loin de l'image d'Epinal du pêcheur à la ligne. C'est en réalité une véritable industrie prédatrice dotée de moyens importants, pour être sûr de ne laisser aucune chance au thon rouge.

Vue d'ensemble

Cette carte ne montre que 4 propositions de réserves marines (zones fermées à la pêche et à toute activité extractive), parmi les 33 zones que Greenpeace a identifiées en Méditerranée afin de protéger espèces et habitats remarquables. L’industrie thonière pêche majoritairement dans ces zones.

  • 1. Baléares

    Zone de reproduction importante pour les thons et les espadons, ainsi que pour les petits poissons pélagiques (sardines, anchois). On y trouve aussi des coraux profonds, des cachalots et des grands requins blancs.

  • 2. Détroit de Sicile

    Zone de haute productivité biologique. Présence de monts sous-marins près de la Sicile, de plages de nidification de tortues sur la côte tunisienne, ainsi que d’herbiers de posidonie, qui servent de garde manger et d'habitat, et de champs d’éponges.

  • 3. Golfe de la Grande Syrte

    Lieu d’alimentation important pour le thon rouge, présence d’herbiers de posidonie et de plages de nidification de tortues.

  • 4. Détroit de Chypre

    Lieu de reproduction pour le thon rouge, zones de nidification pour tortues de mer.

  • Migration des thons rouges

    Ils viennent se reproduire en Méditerranée en mai-juin-juillet, puis retournent en Atlantique.

Repérage

Les thoniers senneurs, bateaux industriels de pêche, emploient de petits avions qu'on appelle spotters, qui repèrent les bancs de thons pour augmenter la rentabilité de la sortie en mer. Cette pratique a été déclarée illégale en 2007.

La capture à la senne - 15 mai / 15 juin

Les thoniers industriels, dont les bateaux mesurent en moyenne entre 30 et 40 mètres, emploient cet immense filet, qui peut être faire plusieurs centaines de mètres, pour faire le tour d'un banc et emprisonner les thons rouges en quelques minutes.

Transport

Les thons sont ensuite remorqués dans ces grandes cages immergées, vers les fermes d'engraissement. Le transport se fait à moins de 5 km/h, car les thons rouges doivent continuer à nager pour respirer, ils font donc des ronds dans cette cage tout au long du transport.

Engraissement - juin à janvier

Les thons sont engraissés pendant plusieurs mois, Pour correspondre aux standards du haut de gamme du marché japonais et prendre du poids et donc de la valeur.

70% des fermes d'engraissement se situent autour de Malte.

Cette pratique s'est développée il y a moins de 20 ans, elle a en partie généré surpêche et pêche illégale.

Congélation et export - décembre à février

Les thons sont finalement abattus, congelés et transportés par bateau pour l'essentiel au Japon (80% de la consommation mondiale). Là, ils sont stockés dans des entrepôts frigorifiques. Le Japon a plus d'un an de consommation en réserve, pour réguler le cours.

 

http://www.greenpeace.fr/thon-rouge/?__utma=242470612.1728973682.1287763370.1289246127.1289764222.5&__utmb=1.1.10.1290029626&__utmc=1&__utmx=%3D242470612.00012284383858674291%3A755939%3A2592000&__utmz=242470612.1289764222.5.4.utmcsr%3Dmembers.greenpeace.org%7Cutmccn%3D%28referral%29%7Cutmcmd%3Dreferral%7Cutmcct%3D/blog/grassroots/2010/10/01/pizza-hut-vs-the-sun-bear&__utmv=-&__utmk=-&

 

le 16 novembre 2010

ICCAT :

 

La Commission internationale pour la conservation des thonidés de l'Atlantique (ICCAT dans son acronyme anglophone ou CICTA pour la version française) est une organisation intergouvernementale fondée en 1969, c'est une organisation régionale de pêche (ORP).

Elle est responsable de la conservation des thons et autres espèces apparentées, dans l'océan Atlantique et les mers adjacentes. Ses rôles sont définis ainsi:

Elle émet des avis scientifiques en matière de gestion des stocks, elle offre aux parties contractantes un mécanisme leur permettant de convenir de mesures de gestion, elle coordonne la recherche, y compris l'évaluation des stocks, au nom de ses membres, elle compile les statistiques en matière de pêche collectées auprès de ses membres et de toutes les entités pêchant ces espèces dans l'océan Atlantique et en Méditerranée, elle rédige des publications en la matière.

Qui sont les pays membres ?

Il y a actuellement 48 « parties contractantes ».
Ce sont essentiellement des pays riverains de l'Atlantique et de la Méditerranée, mais on y trouve également des pays asiatiques. Ils sont présentés ci-dessous selon leur date d'adhésion à la Commission :

États Unis, Japon, Afrique du Sud, Ghana, Canada, France (St Pierre et Miquelon) Brésil, Maroc, Corée, Côte d'Ivoire, Angola, Russie, Gabon, Cap Vert, Uruguay, Sao Tomé et Principe, Venezuela, Guinée Équatoriale, République de Guinée, Royaume Uni (territoires de l'Ouest), Lybie, Chine, Croatie, Union Européenne, Tunisie, Trinité & Tobago, Namibie, Barbade, Honduras, Algérie, Mexique, Vanuatu, Islande, Turquie, Philippines, Norvège, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Sénégal, Belize, Syrie, Saint Vincent et les Grenadines, Nigeria, Egypte, Albanie, Sierra Léone, Mauritanie.

Pour l'Europe, c'est L'UE qui est partie prenante à l'Iccat et non les états membres individuellement. Ceux-ci se réunissent en amont et fixent le mandat de la délégation européenne.

Quelles espèces dans le domaine de compétence de l'ICCAT ?

Environ 30 espèces relèvent directement de l'ICCAT : thon rouge de l'Atlantique (Thunnus thynnus thynnus), listao (Katsuwonus pelamis), albacore (Thunnus albacares), germon (Thunnus alalunga) et thon obèse (Thunnus obesus); espadon (Xiphias gladius); les « istiophoridés », tels que makaire blanc (Tetrapturus albidus), makaire bleu (Makaira nigricans), voilier (Istiophorus albicans) et makaire bécune (Tetrapturus pfluegeri); les thazards, comme le thazard atlantique (Scomberomorus maculatus) et le thazard barré (Scomberomorus cavalla); les thonidés mineurs, comme la thonine commune (Euthynnus alletteratus), l'auxide (Auxis thazard), et la bonite à dos rayé (Sarda sarda).

Pour tout savoir sur ces espèces de poissons, rendez-vous sur le site de l'IFREMER

En savoir plus


Autres organisations régionales de gestion des pêcheries de thonidés :
  • CCSBT : Commission pour la conservation du Thon rouge du Sud
  • IATTC : Commission inter-américaine du thon tropical
  • IOTC : Commission des thons de l'Océan Indien
  • WCPFC : Commission de la pêche dans le Pacifique central et occidental

 

PETITION :http://www.greenpeace.fr/thon-rouge/mobilisation#mob



 

ENGLISH :

Tuna is one of the world's favourite fish. It provides a critical part of the diet of millions of people across the globe. It is also the core of the luxury sashimi markets. The five main commercially harvested tuna are: skipjack, yellowfin, bigeye, albacore and bluefin.

 

Governments are meeting in France right now.

We have only days to make sure they know people around the world are watching and expecting bold results.

Let's build a massive petition to make sure they hear our call.

 

1__SEA SHEPERD

 

http://www.seashepherd.org/blue-rage/

http://www.seashepherd.org/blue-rage/why-defend-bluefins.html

http://www.seashepherd.org/blue-rage/bluefin-facts.html

What is the state of bluefin tuna?

  • Since the early 1900's when factory fishing was introduced, the bluefin numbers been reduced by 90% and in the Mediterranean it is down to 97%.
  • Between 1970 and 1998, there was 70% drop. This shows the rapid acceleration of the decline.
  • In 2009, 72% decline in the Eastern Atlantic, and 82% decline in the Western Atlantic. Same year,  Monaco formally declared as endangered.
  • At a United Nations-backed conference aimed at regulating international trade in endangered species, the total ban on bluefin tuna fishing and trading was rejected on March 18,2010. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) voted 68 to 20 with 30 European abstentions.

Who is  fishing them?

  • Australia, Cape Verde, Croatia, Cypress, Greece, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Libya, Malta, Mexico, Oman, Panama, the Philippines, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, and Turkey.  Half are operating in the Med.
  • Japan and Australia are the largest fisheries.

 

Who is Buying

Who is buying the bluefin tuna?

  • They are used for sushi, sashimi and steaks. They are prepared in sushi as hon maguro or toro (tuna belly).
  • It is a $7.2 billion industry around the world.  The largest consumers are Japan.
  • The suppliers are marine fisheries, not fish farms.

Toxins in bluefin tuna?

  • There is elevated levels of mercury and PCBs in bluefin tuna.  It should be avoided.

Why is bluefin tuna crucial?

  • Bluefin tuna matures slowly and they are less resilient to fishing pressure.
  • As part of the ocean's ecosystem, they are needed for preys and predators in the oceans.

How are the bluefin tuna fisheries regulated?

  • The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) is an inter-governmental fishery organization responsible for the conservation of tunas and tuna-like species in the Atlantic Ocean and its adjacent seas.
  • Unfortunately, the international organization managed the underreporting of juvenile catches and illegal fishing.  The fishing takes way exceed the international quotas.

How are they caught?

  • Overfishing with hi-tech commercial fishing fleets and rampant illegal fishing will make the bluefin populations vanish from Mediterranean waters. They are in great danger.
  • The bluefin tuna fishing were traditionally caught with traps. Currently, purse seines are used instead and then the fish are transferred to tuna farms in cages to be fattened up.
  • They are caught with purse seines, longlines, troll lines, and trap nets. Sometimes harpoons, handlines, pole-and-line, and nets.

 

 

 

 

2_AVAAZ :

Bluefin tuna face annihilation. These majestic fish are at the heart of the marine food chain -- without them, oceanic ecosystems could collapse. But a crucial summit launched today could be our chance at a vital recovery plan -- with a global outcry.

As the tuna talks begin, their outcome is utterly uncertain: Japan, which consumes 80% of bluefin tuna, is calling for action, but other nations are wary of its seriousness, and Europe is deeply divided and under pressure from Mediterranean governments allied with elite and even criminal fishing cartels.

Our best chance to make this summit a success is to transform it from a behind-the-scenes negotiation into a political firestorm. The power of the cartels is greatest when nobody is paying attention -- but if we show governments that the world's eyes are on them, we can open a chance for a breakthrough. Sign the petition to save this ecologically vital fish and forward this email -- our public demands will be delivered directly to negotiators and the media inside the summit:

http://www.avaaz.org/en/tuna_at_risk_2/?vl

The situation is dramatic -- Atlantic bluefin tuna have been reduced to just 15% of their historic levels and tuna fishing is becoming a business of criminals with a $4 billion black market. One tuna fetches $100,000 and fishermen are duping the regulators with falsified data, shunning monitoring systems, rampantly overfishing and selling illegal, unreported and unregulated fish.

All those responsible for ensuring sustainable tuna stocks are failing -- The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), the global regulating body that meets this week, has ignored their own scientists recommendations for a blue fin fishing ban; the EC Fisheries Commissioner, who initially proposed emergency action, is being blocked by member states and the EC has itself subsidised specialised vessels for over exploitation; and trading countries have illegally exceeded ICCAT quotas. Continued negligence could wipe out blue fin tuna completely.

Today, tuna profits are controlled by a very small high-tech fishing elite who run purse seine vessels and tuna fattening farms. But the rest of the fishing communities livelihoods are suffering massive losses. And this plundering affects all of us -- as bluefin are near the top of the food-chain their commercial extinction could set off a domino effect with dire consequences. Put simply -- without the big predator fish, the medium fish will eat all the small fish and no one is left to eat the microrganisms. In just a few decades this could mean our oceans die and are overrun by jelly fish and slime.

Ironically it may be Japan who push hardest for serious action at the ICCAT meeting. The Japanese Fisheries Agency is saying Japanese consumers may have to "just forget about tuna for the time being," whilst the Mitsubishi Corporation, one of the world’s largest buyers of bluefin tuna has announced its commitment to protect healthy stocks, support spawning sanctuaries and reduced purchases to enable the recovery of threatened populations.

But we cannot leave this to the politicians and the players in the tuna market. It's time to show our outrage at this shameless flouting of international rules, and call loudly for ICCAT to take urgent action to halve catch quotas (at a minimum), implement effective and transparent enforcement, punish violating countries and create no take, protected spawning reserves. Sign the petition and send this to everyone:

http://www.avaaz.org/en/tuna_at_risk_2/?vl

These magnificent species have been exploited to the brink of collapse -- and this summit could be our last chance to save them or they will disappear from our oceans forever.

With hope and determination,

Alice, Benjamin, Ricken, Iain, Pascal, Paula, Mia, David, Milena and the rest of the Avaaz team

SOURCES:

Tuna regulation is failing, BBC:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11692242

How tuna are being annihilated and why it matters, The New Yorker:
http://www.avaaz.org/newyorker_tuna

Bluefin Tuna Black Market: How A Runaway Fishing Industry Looted The Seas, Huffington Post:
http://www.avaaz.org/huffpost_tuna

Mitsubishi Corporation's commitments to bluefin tuna in advance of the ICCAT meeting:
http://www.avaaz.org/mitsubishi_statement_tuna

--------

3_FROM : Sea Turtle Restoration Project Email News and Updates
PO Box 370, Forest Knolls, CA 94933 USA

 

Bluefin tuna are one of the fastest, largest, and most beautiful fish on our planet and their Atlantic populations are being pushed to the brink of extinction by industrial overfishing. The Sea Turtle Restoration Project needs your help today to support protections for Atlantic bluefin tuna under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA).

BP Oil & Industrial Overfishing in Gulf Spawning Grounds


The catastrophic BP oil spill contaminated the primary spawning grounds for Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Mexico, and may have harmed an entire generation of juvenile fish. Industrial overfishing for sushi-grade tuna, bycatch of juveniles in longlines, and the failure of the international “quota” system have slashed Atlantic bluefin populations to 80 percent below their historic levels.

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Need ESA Protections

Adding the Atlantic bluefin tuna to the ESA would be the next step towards protecting Gulf of Mexico spawning grounds as critical habitat, halting deadly Gulf longlines (which kill sea turtles), and protecting their populations from emerging threats such as climate change and pollution.

Urgent Action is Needed!

We only have until November 22 to support the recent finding by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to move forward on ESA listing of Atlantic bluefin tuna.

1)    Click here to send a letter in support of the NMFS findings to grant Atlantic bluefin tuna ESA protections.

2)    Click here to support our ongoing work in the Gulf of Mexico to save sea turtles and all imperiled marine life.

3)    Take the Seafood Pledge to stop eating or buying tuna and other fish species high in toxic mercury and whose fisheries are deadly to sea turtles.

Thank you for your continued support.

4__WWF

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/smart_fishing/sustainable_fisheries/bluefin_tuna/



WWF wants ICCAT to:

  • Reduce total allowable catch for East Atlantic and Mediterranean from 13,500 tonnes to between 0 and 6,000 tonnes per year
  • Suspend the destructive and bloated industrial purse seine fishing fleet - whose large purse-like nets scoop up all the tunas in their paths
  • Establish no-fishing zones in the six known spawning areas in the Mediterranean Sea during the fragile spawning season
  • Enforce respect for payback rules, whereby countries that have fished too much in the past repay with a cut in future catch.

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/smart_fishing/sustainable_fisheries/bluefin_tuna/?196923/ICCAT-business-as-usual-or-bluefin-saviour

ICCAT – business as usual or bluefin saviour?

Posted on 17 November 2010

 

Paris, France – WWF is calling on governments gathering for key talks on the Atlantic and Mediterranean bluefin tuna to set an end to rule-bending and impunity for illegal fishing which led to decades of overexploitation and brought the species to the brink of extinction. 

Countries which come together in Paris from 17-27 November for the annual meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) are under the spotlight more than ever following further fresh data on illegal fishing and disrespect for rules coming to light in recent days.

WWF is urging ICCAT to put in place an ambitious, science-based management plan that will allow Atlantic bluefin tuna to recover.

Recent data and revelations exposed further infringements during the 2010 bluefin tuna fishing season in the Mediterranean Sea, only compounding the sense of shock at blatant widespread disregard for legally binding management rules. Barriers preventing official ICCAT observers from doing their job have also been exposed.

“ICCAT has long been the laughing stock on the world stage of fisheries management – except the depletion of fragile and finite marine resources, and condemning to ruin of centuries-old traditions and livelihoods, is no joke,” said Dr Sergi Tudela, Head of Fisheries at WWF Mediterranean.

“Adding insult to injury, even the official observers recently put in place have been unable to observe the fishing records and activities. This is a farce that must stop now.”

WWF is advocating a cut in total catch of eastern Atlantic (Mediterranean) bluefin tuna from the current 13,500 tonnes per year to between 0 and 6,000 tonnes – in line with what scientists say will give a high chance of recovery to the species.

In parallel, WWF is encouraging ICCAT members to urgently phase out the destructive industrial purse seine fleets that encircle shoals of spawning tunas, scooping them up in vast purse-like nets. These fleets supply tuna to fattening farms in the Mediterranean – but this entire fishing and farming system is shown to be structurally dysfunctional and entirely untraceable. The farms should also be cut.

Banning fishing in key spawning zones in the Mediterranean is a further measure that WWF says is crucial to giving Atlantic bluefin tuna a break and to allow stocks a chance to bounce back.

In Doha, Qatar, in March 2010, a bid to ban international trade in Atlantic bluefin tuna by listing the species on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) was fully justified on scientific grounds but rejected for political motives. However, key governments involved in East Atlantic bluefin tuna fishing and trade – Japan, the EU, the U.S., Canada and Norway – pledged at the Doha meeting their commitment to follow scientific advice in putting in place measures to enable the recovery of the species at this Paris ICCAT meeting.

“WWF calls on Japan, with the largest share of consumption, and the EU, responsible for the largest fishing sector, to lead the way in respecting their Doha Commitments and pushing for the establishment of a sustainable, science-based recovery and management plan for eastern Atlantic bluefin tuna – a plan that is also fully policed and enforced, with punishment being carried through if those rules are broken,” said Sergi Tudela. “It is time to raise the game.”

Governments at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya, Japan, recently committed to sustainably manage global fish resources by 2020 – adding further pressure on this crucial ICCAT meeting starting today.

WWF is also building a coalition of global businesses pledging they will not buy, sell or serve Atlantic bluefin tuna until ICCAT has finally put in place a sustainable management plan for the fishery in the Mediterranean Sea.

For more information: Gemma Parkes at WWF – m +39 346 387 3237 // e gparkes@wwf.panda.org

 

 

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/smart_fishing/sustainable_fisheries/bluefin_tuna/tuna_facts/

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/smart_fishing/sustainable_fisheries/bluefin_tuna/tuna_facts/witness_collapse/

 

Background to the madness

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/smart_fishing/sustainable_fisheries/bluefin_tuna/tuna_facts/witness_collapse/witness_collapse_1/

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/smart_fishing/sustainable_fisheries/bluefin_tuna/what_you_can_do/

 

xxxxxxxxxx

 

*** Nov 19 :ONE MORE PETITION HERE :

 

Change.org :

http://food.change.org/blog/view/is_there_any_hope_for_bluefin_tuna_any_hope_at_all

 

xxxxxxxxxx

 

*****

Billions of fish die every year in nets and on hooks. Some are destined for human consumption, many are tortured just for "sport," and others are unintended victims who are maimed or killed simply because they were in the wrong place at the wrong time.

Fish Feel Pain

When fish are yanked from the water, they begin to suffocate. Their gills often collapse, and their swim bladders can rupture because of the sudden change in pressure. Numerous scientific reports from around the world confirm that fish feel pain. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh and University of Glasgow studied the pain receptors in fish and found that they were strikingly similar to those of mammals; the researchers concluded that "fish do have the capacity for pain perception and suffering."

 

What You Can Do

  • To combat fishing in your area, post "No Fishing" signs on your land if you have a pond or a lake, join or form an anti-fishing organization, and protest fishing tournaments. Encourage your legislators to enact or enforce wildlife-protection laws.
  • Before you support a "wildlife" or "conservation" group, ask about its position on fishing. Groups such as the National Wildlife Federation, the National Audubon Society, the Sierra Club, the Izaak Walton League, the Wilderness Society, the World Wildlife Fund, and many others either support or do not oppose sport fishing.
The Atlantic  bluefin tuna is a large migratory fish found in the western and eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. This species is at serious risk of extinction if unsustainable fishing practices in the Mediterranean are not stopped.
 
 

Thon rouge : J-11 avant le verdict de l’ICCAT

Ce matin, à la veile de l’ouverture de l’ICCAT, Greenpeace, le WWF, Pew et Oceana, les quatre principales ONG internationales environnementales et de sauvegarde ont lancé un appel commun à la suspension de la pêche industrielle du thon rouge.

Greenpeace et ses trois partenaires forment un front commun pour défendre un même objectif : la suspension de la pêche industrielle de cette espèce dont les stocks ont chuté de 85% en 30 ans.

 

Aller plus, loin, vers des réserves marines

Les zones de reproduction du thon rouge, où se pratique la pêche la plus industrielle, doivent être fermées à la pêche. Dans un premier temps, il faut que la France, dans le respect de ses engagements, soutienne la création d’une réserve marine sur la zone de reproduction des Baléares.

Le compte à rebours final démarre demain

Ce mercredi 17 novembre est une date clé : celle du coup d’envoi de l’ICCAT. 48 pays pêcheurs de thonidés dans l’Atlantique seront réunis pour discuter de l’avenir de l’espèce.

Greenpeace et les autres associations seront présentes, chaque jour, afin d’observer les discussions, de témoigner des tractations, mais aussi pour donner une voix au thon rouge !

 

 Nous porterons les messages des citoyens qui se sont engagés pour sauver cette espèce : continuez à nous les faire parvenir !!

 

Publié dans OCEAN PROTECTION

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